In the last 12 months, 1.7 million dog owners and one million cat owners have been told by a vet their pets are overweight
Vets suggest that the top misconceptions held by pet owners about the weight of their pets are that overfeeding or giving treats is a way of showing love to pets (54 per cent)
Vets report having to seek medical treatment for injuries caused by lifting heavy animals
New research from Direct Line Pet Insurance (1) reveals pet obesity is on the rise across the UK. In the last 12 months alone, 2.7 million pet owners have been told their dogs (1.7 million) or cats (1 million) are overweight. This is one in eight (12 per cent) dog owners, a rise on the eight per cent who were told their dogs were overweight over the two years previously, highlighting it is a growing issue.
Research conducted amongst vets (2), in the last year, reveals that the vast majority (83 per cent) are seeing an increase in the proportion of overweight pets being brought into their practice for treatment. Vets estimate that they are treating 49 per cent more overweight pets than they were just a year ago. In fact, it is estimated that a vet will treat six animals showing signs of obesity during an average week.
Not only is the pet’s health at risk if
it is overweight, owners themselves are at increased risk of injury when lifting
overweight animals. In just the last year dog owners have sustained several
different types of injuries as a result of their pets, some of which are
relatively minor, like bruising (two million dog owners) and muscle strain (1.2
million owners) but others are much more serious. Dog owners have reported
suffering major injuries including broken bones and spinal injuries as a result
of carrying their pet.
The increase in overweight pets means vets are at a greater risk of injury when treating patients and over half (54 per cent) of vets are regularly concerned about injuring themselves when treating heavier animals. Nearly two-thirds of vets who have sustained an injury when treating an overweight animal have had to see the doctor (63 per cent) and two fifths (41 per cent) have needed to go to the hospital. The rise in obesity has also meant that veterinary practices are needing to invest in additional lifting equipment, according to 42 per cent of those surveyed.
Head of Pet Insurance at Direct Line, said:“It
is alarming that pet obesity is increasing. Dogs and cats being overweight is a
very serious issue as it can affect joints, cause diabetes, heart and breathing
problems. While it may be horrible to hear from a vet that a pet is overweight,
owners should pay attention to their warning, as addressing the problem quickly
will reduce risk of future health problems such as diabetes. Measuring out food
can help avoid over feeding and while those puppy dog eyes may be hard to
resist for scraps and treats, giving in may do more harm than good.”
Vets believe that owners are often unaware of the health issues associated with the weight of their pets. The most common weight-related misconceptions owners have around their pets are that overfeeding or giving treats is a way of showing love (54 per cent), that vets are being overly cautious when it comes to pets’ weights (50 per cent) and that you can feed your pet more as long as it’s high-quality food (47 per cent). Vets say almost a third (30 per cent) of owners believe that obesity isn’t a serious issue in animals, while 16 per cent of owners are also thought to not believe that animals are able to become medically obese.
Pug owners are most likely to be told
they have an overweight pet, with 75 per cent informed that their pet is too
heavy by a vet in the last three years. This was closely followed by Boxer
owners, of which nearly 67 per cent have been told their dog is overweight and
Golden Retrievers (45 per cent)
Table one: Number of overweight dogs
broken down by breed
Dog Breed Catergory
Proporion of owners with overweight dogs
Number of overweight dogs
Spaniel Breeds (Cocker, Springer, Cavalier King Charles etc.)
Staffordshire Bull terrier
Poodle or Poodle-cross (Labradoodle, Cockapoo, Goldendoodle)
Other Terrier (Jack Russell, West Hihghland, Yorkshrie, Border etc.)
Source: Direct Line Pet Insurance 2019
1 Research conducted by
Opinium among a UK nationally representative sample of 2,006 adults between 20th and
2 Research conducted by Pure Profile among 101 vets between 29th August and 3rd September 2019
For many people having a dog in the office is nothing more than a daydream. However, more and more companies are warming to the idea of an office pup. From therapy dogs to Taking Your Dog to Work Day, dogs are featuring more than ever and it’s easy to see why. Here are 5 ways an office dog could be the key to relieving stress.
Dogs can lower your blood pressure: It has been proven that those with access to dogs within the workplace were less stressed during their routine, but why? Research has found that petting a dog, or even simply being in their warming presence can be positively correlated with a drop in blood pressure.
Dogs can lower your cortisol levels: Interacting with dogs can lower cortisol levels; the cortisol hormone is released when we get stressed out. Long-term high cortisol levels can lead to higher cholesterol as well as hypertension.
Reducing stress and cortisol levels can be as simple as petting a dog, which has been proven to significantly lower stress whilst improving the immune system’s functions. A study by Virginia Commonwealth University proved that employees who took their dogs to work produced lower levels of the stress-causing hormone cortisol.
Dogs improve your emotional wellbeing: Medical science confirms that dogs contribute to driving emotional wellbeing. Seeing a dog in the workplace is an instant mood-booster, which can greatly improve overall morale and wellbeing. During stressful times in the office, a therapy dog could be the key to keeping everyone as happy as possible.
What is a therapy dog?
In the UK only 12% of employees aged 18-24 said they were happy with their work-life balance, mainly due to stress within the workplace. Many companies use therapy dogs to combat this. Therapy dogs are trained to provide comfort and affection to people who may need it.
For example, during exam times at university therapy dogs are often used to decrease the stress levels of students who may be feeling worried. It has become more common for therapy dogs to appear in the workplace too.
Therapy dogs majorly improve happiness and reduce stress, providing all the benefits of owning a dog at home translate to the office with a therapy dog.
Dogs encourage healthy lifestyles: Office dogs or temporary therapy dogs need their exercise. Dogs should be taken outside for regular walks for their own needs and to get enough exercise. Healthy and active lifestyles can therefore be encouraged from a canine friend in the office, keeping the office dog active helps ensure employees are active too, making them much more energised and focused.
Improved teamwork and communication: One major factor when it comes to stress in the workplace regards team conflict and miscommunications. Studies have shown that workplaces that featured dogs had better bonding sessions and more to talk about, resulting in a more cohesive and happier workplace over those who had no access to a pup.
So there you have it, 5 reasons an office dog can reduce stress and benefit your overall health. Dogs at work are a great reminder that you might need to take a break every now and then to make yourself feel a bit better.
More than 25% of employers say that they are happy to have a dog-friendly work policy, and 1 in 4 firms regularly allow pets in the office. The fact is that we are a nation of animal lovers and dogs bring great joy and companionship to our lives. There are some big advantages to having a dog in your office, but there can also be a downside too (least of all getting less work done because you’re too busy making a fuss of the lovely doggy). But should they really be allowed at your workplace?
Dogs help reduce stress
In Britain 59% of the population deal with workplace stress, however, the good news is that dogs can help to reduce this. In 2018 a study of more students at the British University of Columbia found that the impact of therapy dogs on stress was quite profound. All of the participants reported immediate strong benefits included feelings of happiness, an increase in energy levels and a reduction of stress. This has a scientific explanation – stroking a dog releases serotonin and dopamine in the brain, giving us feelings of reward and pleasure. This, in turn, reduces stress and helps us to relax. Staring into the eyes of a dog also releases oxytocin. This is the very same hormone that helps to bond a mother with her baby.
Dogs need mental stimulation
If you are working in an office, it might not be a good idea to have your dog with you all day if you are constantly busy, or have very little break time. Having your dog sitting under your desk for 8 hours isn’t really mentally stimulating enough for them and they could become frustrated, noisy and destructive. If however your work is varied and your dog is allowed to wander around the office freely, then they might be sufficiently entertained and enjoy the new sights and smells. They may even make some new friends. If you take your dog to the office, you could also pack a bag for them containing a couple of dog toys and maybe a feeding puzzle box, or a Kong to keep them amused.
Dogs need exercise
If you are taking your dog to the office, you need to bear in mind that they will need to go out for walkies regularly and may need to go to the toilet. This may not always be convenient to your work schedule, however, no one wants to end up clearing up dog poo from next to the photocopier. Many dog-friendly offices organise walks every lunchtime, for instance, the Anthony Nolan Trust Headquarters in London has allowed staff to bring in their pets for the last couple of years. Ten members of staff bring their canine companions to work and they have group walks every lunch on Hampstead Heath.
As long as other staff members don’t mind, then having a dog in the office can have a calming effect. It will also get you out for some fresh air at lunchtime, which is better for everyone.
All types of German Shepherds are a great breed of dog, whether they’re tan, red, sable or black. However, Black German Shepherds are fairly rare due to the genetic variation that results in their colour. When it comes to their personality there’s really no difference between a Black German Shepherd and other coloured ones. Overall, they’re a highly intelligent dog that are people-pleasers, which makes them easy to train and loveable pets right from when they’re a puppy.
What makes them black?
A Black German Shepherd’s coat is caused by a genetic mutation that is the result of a recessive gene. This is contrary to the common misconception that they’re the result of a German Shepherd mating with a different breed of dog. Black German Shepherds will always have two German Shepherd parents, and they can be black or typically coloured. This is because all dogs receive one copy of all their genes from their mother and one copy from their father, but their physical traits are determined by whether the genes are recessive or dominant. The recessive gene is in all German Shepherds, but it takes two to make a Black German Shepherd, which is why they’re not very common.
Is anything else different about Black German Shepherds?
The same recessive gene that results in their black coat is also responsible for some other minor differences in Black German Shepherds. The first being that they will have a different body shape and size. They can grow 2.5 to 5 cm taller than typically coloured German Shepherds, which also means they’re often 10 to 20 pounds heavier. German Shepherds will also have a curved back that is distinctive, but Black German Shepherds have a straight back, the same as most other breeds. The only other main difference is that a Black German Shepherds coat is usually noticeable straighter and smoother looking. Their black, straight coat can make it particularly difficult to see fleas and other pests, which makes preventative treatments even more essential to keep their fur and skin healthy and happy.
Do Black German Shepherds need to be trained differently?
All dogs should receive basic training at the very least and this should start from a puppy, where possible. The only difference that there is with training a Black German Shepherd is that owners need to be aware of how big and strong they will grow, which makes it essential for them to be obedient and for owners to have good control over them. The good news is that they’re a highly intelligent breed that loves to please their owners, which makes them relatively easy to train. House training should be taught as a pup, followed by obedience training a few weeks later. A professional trainer can help if owners are unsure of how to train this big breed, which should ideally be done from an early age for the best results.
Overall, Black German Shepherds make great pets. They’re easy to train, even for first time owners, and they’ll strive to please their humans. The only differences between them and their typically coloured counterparts is that they’ll grow slightly bigger, have a different shaped back and a beautiful, smooth coat.
It is normal for your dog to lick its paws
because this is a cleaning ritual, as long as it is not done in an excessive
manner or the dog doesn’t appear to be in pain while doing it. Also, it is not
an issue if you notice small cracks on the surface of the paws, as you inspect
them. Minor scratches usually heal by themselves and do not create any kind of
problems to your dog.
However, there are situations in which paws do
get infected, irritated, itchy, and red, causing your dog physical discomfort
and even pain. If you notice your dog munching on its paws and whining while
doing so, you should immediately take a look at its paws. There are quite a few
factors that can lead to paw infections.
Also, believe it or not, there are some dog
breeds that are more prone to developing certain types of paw infections than
others. Due to the fact that a paw infection can appear at any time during the
year, when you are home, or traveling with your pet, you should learn all about
it and know how to deal with such episodes in an effective manner. A paw
infection can prevent the dog from walking right, not to mention that is quite
uncomfortable, especially if we are talking about constant itchiness.
Factors that can trigger a paw infection
Yeast or fungi
Although it may seem hard to believe, yeast can
grow in an exaggerated manner on your dog’s paws, causing discomfort. When it
comes to yeast-related infections, the problem may be more serious than your
dog’s paws. According to PetMD, a dog may show fungal
infections on its paws, but you may actually have to deal with an overall skin
problem. So, it would be recommended to check the dog’s skin in various parts
of its body, to see if you notice any issues.
An infection with fungi will make the dog lick
its paws rather often. Thus, your companion’s constant interest in licking its
paws should ring a bell for you. Red nail beds are another sign of this kind of
infection when you closely inspect the paws. Itchiness, redness, and even
discharges can be seen in some cases. The reason yeast develops uncontrollably
can be due to a food allergy, an allergy triggered by an environmental factor,
or skin problem like atopic dermatitis.
Infections caused by bacteria
It is worth knowing that both bacteria and yeast
are organisms that naturally live on the dog’s paws. But, when they multiply
too much, problems emerge. When do bacteria develop beyond control? This
usually happens when the dog’s immune system is compromised by a health
problem, which makes it unable to keep the bacteria population in control. So,
when paw infections are caused by bacteria, there could be a secondary health
issue bothering your dog as well.
This type of paw infection manifests through
redness, itchiness or pain, swelling, and, in more severe cases, abscess. The
dog will also lick and bite its paws more frequent than it is normal. If you
notice any of the previously mentioned symptoms, you should seek treatment as
soon as it is possible, as this condition creates quite a lot of discomfort.
Tears or cuts on the paws
Just like in the case of humans, when skin is
cut or torn, a breach for bacteria to enter the organism is created. This is
why a cut or torn paw should be treated immediately before it turns into a
breeding pool for germs and bacteria.
Dogs can be quite diplomatic when it comes to
their injury, so it would be a good idea to inspect the dog’s paws after each
walk or adventure in the outdoors. A sharp rock, a thorn, or debris found on
the ground can injure the dog’s paws. So, not seeing blood on the floor doesn’t
mean that there isn’t any cut to look after. Your dog may lick its paws and
clean the blood, but the injury is still there and it can accumulate dust and
The wound should be properly cleaned and
disinfected. Using a diluted antiseptic, such as Betadine, the kind everyone
has lying around the house, is a good way to do this. Once the wound is
cleaned, you will have to apply a sterile bandage over the wound. Make sure it
is tight enough so that it won’t fall off as your dog moves and walks. Of
course, don’t exaggerate when tightening it, as you still want blood running
through your dog’s paws.
Grass seeds puncturing the paws
While there’s nothing better than running with
your dog through the grass, the tiny seeds produced by plants from the grass
family can cause more trouble than you think. Long grass or barley grass, in
particular, produce seeds that can be very uncomfortable for your dog. Also, if
the seeds are not removed from your dog’s paws, they can easily lead to an
infection, due to their sharp ends.
Again, take a good look at your dog’s paws after
each walk. This is something a dog owner should do on a daily basis, regardless
of the season. Inspecting and cleaning the dog’s paws after each outdoor
adventure can save you from a lot of trouble.
Recipes for baths that can soothe your pet’s
If your dog has itchy, inflamed, or irritated
skin, you can use several natural ingredients to come up with a soothing bath
for the dog’s paws. These baths are especially useful for dogs that are prone
to food allergies, as they can offer a quick solution when your dog is having
trouble with its diet. However, even if we are talking about natural
ingredients, it is not recommended to bathe your dog’s paws if they present
cuts, thorn nails, or open wounds.
One or two tablespoons of baking soda added to a gallon of
lukewarm water can be very soothing for itchiness and inflammation. You
can soak your pet’s paws in this water for a few minutes after each walk.
It will reduce the dog’s need to lick and chew on its paws.
Add a few cups of ground, natural, and unsweetened oats to warm
water in the bathtub and dissolve them a little. The level of the water
should allow only for the paws to soak in, so you don’t need to fill the
tub. Put the dog inside the bathtub and allow it to stand or even lie in
this water for about 10 minutes. The natural oils contained by the oats
will soothe cracked, dry, or inflamed paws.
One cup of Epsom salts for every gallon of water can help you
come up with a bath that will restore your dog’s natural pH in the paws.
This solution will kill harmful bacteria and will help restore the level
of good bacteria. 10 minutes spent in this bath will help with itchiness
When it’s time to see the veterinarian
While it is true that many paw issues can be
managed at home, you need to know when it’s time to seek the assistance of a
veterinarian. For example, in the case of bacterial or yeast infections, the
vet may need to take a sample from the dog’s paws in order to recommend the
best treatment. So, there are a couple of signs that tell you it’s time to take
your companion to be seen by the vet.
paw presents bleeding that doesn’t seem to stop or oozing is noticeable;
on the surface of the paws are also not a good sign;
the base of the nails present a sort of crust-like formation;
the paws present calluses of significant sizes. These calluses can make the
toes of the paw to move in the wrong direction, causing tenderness and
in the paws that are deep, causing bleeds and oozes.
It is not pleasant to see that your best friend
is in pain or has to deal with constant itching, but it is worth knowing that
most paw infection can be easily treated with a bit of care. However, the best
way to avoid health problems when it comes to your companion is to get a puppy
with a great genetic condition, from a reliable dog breeder. Charlotte
Dog Club is dedicated to connecting future dog owner
with the healthiest and happiest puppies, provided by responsible dog breeders
only. Visit the website and find the ideal puppy for you and your family.